Updated on February 10, 2023

This data is meant to be used for educational purposes to inform providers, patients, insurers, and state Medicaid agencies what genetic services may or may not be written into each state’s Medicaid policy. The database is not meant to indicate or imply whether a certain program will cover a specific service, since many decisions are made on a case by case basis. If you have specific questions about whether a service is covered, you should reach out to your plan administrator. Please see this disclaimer below for more information.

Medicaid Coverage Information Published


State Contact Information

Jami Snyder, Director of Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System 1-800-523-0231

General Genetic Testing Criteria

1. Genetic testing and counseling are considered medically necessary when criteria 1.a. through 1.d. are all met:

  • The member:
    • Displays clinical features of a suspected genetic condition, or
    • Is at direct risk of inheriting the genetic condition in question (e.g., a causative familial variant has been identified in a close family member or the member’s family history indicates a high risk), or
    • Is being considered for treatment which has significant risk of serious adverse reactions, or is ineffective, in a specific genotype,
  • The results of the genetic testing are necessary to differentiate between treatment options, the member has indicated they will pursue treatment based on the results of the testing, and an improved clinical outcome is probable as evidenced by:
    • Clinical studies of fair-to-good quality published in peer-reviewed medical literature have established that actions taken as a result of the test will improve clinical outcome for the member, or
    • If the condition is rare, treatment has been demonstrated to be safe and likely to be effective based on the weight of opinions from specialists who provide the service or related services;
  • The test is proven to be scientifically valid for the identification of the specific genetically-linked disease or clinical condition, and
  • A licensed genetic counselor or the ordering provider has counseled the member about the medical treatment options prior to the genetic test being conducted.

Irrespective of the requirements of 1, above, genetic testing and counseling are also considered medically necessary when:

  • The results of the genetic testing will confirm either:
    • A diagnosis and by so doing avoid further testing that is invasive and has risks of complications, or
    • A significant developmental delay in an infant or child and the cause has not been determined through routine testing. In this case, the genetic testing is limited to Chromosomal Microarray (CMA) and chromosomal testing for Fragile X.
  • Any further gene testing shall meet all other criteria in this policy,
    • The test is proven to be scientifically valid for the identification of the specific genetically-linked disease or clinical condition, and
    • A licensed genetic counselor or the ordering provider has counseled the member prior to the genetic test being conducted.”

Genetic Testing Not Covered

Genetic testing is not covered under the following circumstances:

  1. To determine specific diagnoses or syndromes when such diagnoses would not definitively alter the medical treatment of the member except as described in 2.a.i. or 2.a.ii.;
  2. To determine the likelihood of associated medical conditions occurring in the future;
  3. As a substitute for ongoing monitoring or testing of potential complications or sequelae of a suspected genetic anomaly;
  4. For purposes of determining current or future reproductive decisions;
  5. For determining eligibility for a clinical trial; or
  6. Paying for panels or batteries of tests that include one or more medically necessary tests, along with tests that are not medically necessary, when the medically necessary tests are available individually.

State Specific Definition

Genetic testing is the sequencing of human DNA obtained from of a small sample of body fluid or tissue in order to discover genetic differences, anomalies, or mutations.

Genetic Services for Children

Genetic Counseling Requirement

Counseling by a licensed genetic counselor or the ordering provider is required prior to testing.

Metabolic Formula Coverage Legislation

Metabolic Formula Coverage & Criteria

Prior Authorization Requirements

Genetic testing requires prior authorization. Prior authorization requests shall include documentation regarding how the genetic testing is consistent with the genetic testing coverage described in this Policy, and at a minimum shall include:

  1. Recommendations from a licensed genetic counselor or ordering provider,
  2. Clinical findings including family history and any previous test results,
  3. A description of how the genetic test results will differentiate between treatment options for the member or meet the requirements of 2.a or 2.b,
  4. The rationale for choosing the particular type of genetic test requested (e.g., full gene sequencing, deletion/duplication, microarray, individual variants), and
  5. Medical literature citations as applicable.

Prior Authorization Forms

Fee Schedule

BRCA Testing Coverage


Requirements for BRCA

Cystic Fibrosis Screening

Hereditary Cancer Testing Coverage

Coverage is available.

Lynch Syndrome Testing Coverage

Coverage is available.

Microarray Testing

Newborn Screening

<p>There is a small cost of $30.00 for the first screen and $65.00 for the second to cover analysis, education, and follow-up; however, this cost is usually covered by AHCCCS or insurance or can be included in a birth package price so that the family does not receive an additional bill. Newborn Screens will be processed and parents notified regardless of ability to pay.</p> <p>All babies born to AHCCCS-eligible mothers are also deemed to be AHCCCS eligible and may remain eligible for up to one year, as long as the newborn continues to reside in Arizona.</p>

Panel Testing

Pharmacogenetic Testing

Prenatal Testing Offered

Whole Exome Sequencing

Other Tests Covered

Other Information

Arizona Cancer Control Plan – Detect Cancer Early
Objective 5: “Increase the proportion of individuals with a family history of breast, ovarian, and/or colorectal cancer who receive genetic counseling and testing when appropriate.”


  • AHCCCS Medical Policy Manual Section 310-JJ Covered Services, Genetic Testing AHCCCS
  • Medical Policy Manual Section 310- GG Covered Service, NUTRITIONAL THERAPY, METABOLIC FOODS, AND TOTAL PARENTERAL NUTRITION, c. Metabolic Medical Foods:
  • Arizona Cancer Control Plan:
Newborn Screening Reimbursement


Disclaimer: The information contained in the database has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable but NCC has not attempted to validate or confirm the information. The database may be updated periodically. However, the accuracy and completeness of the information contained in the database cannot be, and is not, guaranteed. NCC makes no warranty of the accuracy, completeness or timeliness of this information, and shall not be liable for any decision made in reliance on this information. It is the user’s responsibility to verify this information by contacting the state Medicaid agency directly.

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